Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual contact.

These infections often do not cause any symptoms. Medically, infections are only called diseases when they cause symptoms. That is why STDs are sometimes also referred to as “sexually transmitted infections”. However, it is very common for health workers and others to use the terms “sexually transmitted diseases” and “STDs” when there is an infection without any symptoms.


Oldham County Health Department offers testing for several Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) including HIV, gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis.

(Human Immunodeficiency Virus) testing involves a blood test to detect antibodies against the virus. HIV testing can be done confidentially or anonymously. Lab results are received in about 2-3 weeks.


Urine test. Healthcare provider may also take a swab from your urethra or cervix. 

Lab results are received in about 2 weeks.


Blood sample. 

Lab results are received in about 2 weeks. 


There is no simple test to see if you have been infected with HPV, or Human Papilloma Virus. The only way to diagnose someone is if they actively have genital warts. In addition, if a female has an abnormal pap smear, further testing is available to see if it is related to HPV infection.


There is no simple test for trichomoniasis, or trich. Diagnosis requires an exam by a medical provider. Lab tests can be ordered if you have symptoms of infection, including frothy yellow discharge, irritation or itching, or painful urination. 


Herpes is best diagnosed when an individual has a current outbreak. A medical provider will conduct a physical examination to detect genital herpes.


A medical provider must examine the vagina for signs of Bacterial Vaginosis and perform laboratory tests on a sample of vaginal fluid to look for bacteria associated with BV.


If you think you have signs or symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection, you should be examined by a medical provider. Common symptoms of STIs include unusual discharge, pain during urination or intercourse, pelvic pain, itching or irritation in the genital region, the presence of a rash or lesion on the genitals.

OCHD can provide an exam and the appropriate treatment for you. An appointment is necessary.  Click the button below to call, or dial 502-222-3516


Are you sexually active or are you thinking about having sex for the first time? Do you think you might have an STI? Do you have general questions about STIs and need someone to talk to? If so, you can contact the health department to speak with someone about these issues.

Any issues that are discussed will be kept confidential. No topic is off-limits. Do not feel embarrassed. Having questions is normal, and public health professionals are here to help you. Click the button below to call, or dial 502-222-3516

Learn More

There are many kinds of sexually transmitted diseases and infections. They are very common – more than half of all of us will get one at some point in our lifetime. The good news is that we can protect ourselves and each other from contracting an STD. Practicing safer sex allows you to reduce your risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. If you have done anything that puts you at risk of infection, getting tested will ensure that you receive any necessary treatment and prevent the spread of infection to others. We are here to help you. The caring staff at OCHD can talk to you about STDs and help you obtain any testing or treatment you may need.